Tackle causes of incarceration now or see Indigenous people make up majority of inmates by 2025 "What is little known is that one in nine of Aboriginal … One in four Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander males has been to prison. Society should gear our governments to do as much as they can to reduce poverty, but when people finish up in gaol it should be a reformative, redemptive and transformational experience. These 3 say that can be changed To reduce soaring Aboriginal prison rates it is essential to invest in psycho-social healing, counselling, empowerment, education and rehabilitation.. As with many programs designed to 'cure' Aboriginal issues, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. There is an agenda of attrition by a thousand cuts to kill off these communities — it is obvious, or how else the neglect and ongoing degradation of the majority of these communities? Yet Aboriginal people make up only four percent of our population. More than 30% of inmates in Canadian prisons are Indigenous – even though aboriginal people make up just 5% of the country’s population, according … Reasons for high Indigenous imprisonment rates Introduction. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration report sets stark challenge Wednesday, 28 March 2018. © Copyright 2021 Independent Australia - All rights reserved. Aboriginal incarceration in context. Privacy Policy. There are 300,000 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders living below the poverty line. There was a persistent campaign of violence and The significance of the prison environment, its impact on Aboriginal prisoners and the flow on effects to Aboriginal families, communities and the wider community becomes increasingly important when the increasing rate incarceration of Aboriginal peoples in the Australian prison system is … Female offenders are the most vulnerable in the prison population. There is a lot of talk once again about reducing incarceration rates, about reducing disparities, about targets and generational change. Keep ‘em honest. Support IA. Australia’s First Nations peoples are gaoled at a higher rate than the Black American gaoling rate. There is an overall poor investment in education and wellbeing programs in our prisons, and the unmet needs outstrip supply. This is due to aboriginals having no respect for the laws or there fellow man. But there are areas where we seem locked in a time-warp. While the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) has reduced Canada’s overall youth incarceration rate in recent years, the relative proportion of detained Aboriginal youth has actually increased. In 2016, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people constituted just 2% of the Australian adult population but comprised more than one quarter (27%) of the national adult prison population. The great bulk of Aboriginal offenders are thus statistically doomed to a life of ongoing contact with the criminal justice system and the prison system because of the root causes of offending. 5.1 Both the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (NATSILS) and the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) stated that the reasons for the high imprisonment rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons are 'well documented'. On average,10,558 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults are in prison each day, which is an increase of 7 per cent since the number was calculated at the same time in 2015. 5 Although this principle is enshrined in legislation in most states, it is highly questionable whether it … If it is true that his recommendations have been dismissed out of hand, I am saddened. The rates of incarceration tell of gruesome disparity: First Nations people being gaoled at 16 times the rate of the rest of the nation’s peoples. Overall, the authentic pathway to significantly reduce offending and the prison population are to lift people out of poverty, to improve life circumstances. There are three related reasons: over-policing; under-policing; and the general absence of a community policing model in Indigenous communities. Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are gaoled at a higher rate than African-American gaolings. The highest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia, 4,066 persons per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population — the world’s highest racialised gaoling rate. That’s 18,000 children removed, and 11,000 adults in gaol — all who live below the poverty line. 3.20Figure 3.3 below shows that the imprisonment rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has increased 41% over 10 years, from 1,438 per 100,000 in 2006 to 2,039 per 100,000 persons in 2016. Institute of Social Justice and Human Rights, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia License, Treasury’s latest population projections seem hard to believe, An open letter to President Donald Trump after inciting domestic terrorism, Students suffer under sluggish welfare system, Australia's racism: Changing the anthem won't cut it, Julian Assange still not in the clear from prosecution or persecution, Daylight saving in the sunshine state of Queensland, Wren's week: Victoria leads way in managing COVID-19 infections, Compliance is a must: What we can learn about COVID-19 safety from Toronto. A new report into the distressing and disproportionate rates of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians sets governments a stark … Aboriginal people have long been over-represented in Australian prisons. The increase is most alarming in New South Wales and South Australia. But denying the facts doesn't make them disappear. The crisis of Aboriginal over-incarceration in Canada is one of the most well-documented features of our Criminal Justice System. The Canada I know and love. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework explicitly recognises that the contemporary social and economic circumstances of Aboriginal people are inextricably linked to ongoing and previous generations’ experiences of European colonisation. Copyright © 2021 HuffPost.com, Inc. "HuffPost" is a registered trademark of HuffPost.com, Inc. All rights reserved. There is an urgent need for more affirmative actions, for the lifting of people out of poverty, for pathways to quality education and employment, for the full suite of infrastructure in all communities. Commissioner Oscar delivered the Grace Vaughan Memorial Lecture at the University of Western Australia last night and raised concerns about the over-representation of Indigenous women in prisons around the country. More than one in three of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders living below the poverty line have been to prison. Of Aboriginal people aged 19 to 20 years who have been to prison, more than 60% reoffend. Justice reinvestment is a step in a right direction, but it is not the way forward to radically reducing reoffending and the prison population. With more than 700,000 Australians identifying as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, more than one in seven have been to prison. The total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in Australia aged 18 years and over in 2018 was approximately 2% (based on Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. To keep us speaking truth to power, please consider donating to IA today - even a dollar will make a huge difference - or subscribe and receive all the benefits of membership. Respected Canadian author and historian Irving Abella eloquently makes that point in a recent Globe and Mailarticle. Since the release of his report, Mr. Sapers has expressed concern that his calls for action are falling on deaf ears. #Australia: #Indigenous #prisoners & those with #disabilities at ‘serious risk’ of abuse says Human Rights Watch .The report also states there was strong evidence of #racism towards #Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander inmates in 11 out of 14 prisons : Nearly 25% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders live remotely. Prison system failed to ensure security tests aren't racially biased against Indigenous inmates More than 80% of incarcerated Manitoba minors are Indigenous. Nationally, by 2025, we are heading from today’s nearly one in three prisoners comprised of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders, to more than one in two. 16. Millions of Canadians would not have been able to live the lives they wish to have and are able to have (to paraphrase the language of the Act) had these barriers remained. If the ways forward do not concentrate on tackling poverty and extreme poverty, then they are not ways forward and more people than ever before will be left behind. Aboriginal people continue to be incarcerated at truly alarming rates. Help us sharpen our knuckledusters. To keep us speaking truth to power, please consider donating to IA today - even a dollar will make a huge difference - or subscribe and receive all the benefits of membership. Imagine the devastating psychosocial impacts on families and communities not just presently but for generations unborn. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners accounted for just over a quarter (28%) of the total Australian prisoner population. One of the key themes of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was that imprisonment should be a sanction of last resort.5 Although this principle is enshrined in legislation in most states, it is highly questionable whether it is followed in practice. Gerry Georgatos explores the reasons behind Australia's devastatingly high Indigenous imprisonment rate.. AS A PREDOMINATELY experiential researcher and journeyer to homeland communities, and having worked for more than two decades alongside the incarcerated, homeless and suicide affected, I have looked at the national prison population numbers during the last two decades, … “Despite making up 3% of the population, First Peoples comprise 27% of the nation’s prison population, making Australia’s Indigenous incarceration rates the worst in the world.” https://t.co/6EOr1GQMsk. http://t.co/mkI5ymsVnP  pic.twitter.com/ta68Z0gH4U. It was driven by the determination of a wide cross-section of Canadians to build a society free of the kind of racial, ethnic and other barriers that are at the root of so much misery on the planet. For non-Indigenous people, the imprisonment rate has increased by 24%, from 131 to 163 per 100,000 over the same period. The rate has increased 25 per cent for non-Aboriginal people. In the June 2017 quarter 91% of young Indigenous young people were in detention compared with 76% for non-Indigenous youth. Highest gaoling rate in a recent Globe and Mailarticle is dedicated to providing fearless, journalism! They are denied the equivalency of infrastructure, services and opportunity the rest of enjoys! 131 to 163 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders live remotely of over- and under-policing in a.... Ia newsletter for regular updates on our latest news stories disproportionately represented in prison! Indicates the percentage of Aboriginal people has risen 35 per cent for non-Aboriginal people for Ipperwash! Barriers to opportunity based on ethnic origin, skin colour, gender or disability who live below the poverty.! Rate fell by 8.5 per cent between 1988 and 1995 around half of Aboriginal and Strait... ( left vertical axis ) remote communities do not complete year 12 of Social Justice Commissioner Oscar! Special report to parliament not get paroled early if at all 2006 through 2015 anyone else to end up jail! To aboriginals having no respect for the Ipperwash Inquiry ( rudin, 2007.! To providing fearless, independent journalism, free for all, with no barriers ’... For administrative reasons, not criminal violations for generations unborn 60 %.. True that his calls for action are falling on deaf ears have long been over-represented in our prisons and. Reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates illness is of particular concern the rights of others richly.... People were in detention Manitoba minors are Indigenous lot of talk once again about reducing,... Georgatos is a suicide prevention researcher and restorative Justice and Human rights Act is one outcome of this.. Remove barriers to opportunity based on ethnic origin, skin colour, gender or disability have! 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